Yesterday I wrote a blog post about SQL SERVER – Query to List All Jobs with Owners, I got many emails to post the blog post but the most interesting email I received is from SQL Server Expert Dominic Wirth. He responded to the blog with a very interesting script about SQL Jobs and Job Schedules.
Dominic has sent the following script which lists many important details about SQL Jobs and Job Schedules.
/* ==================================================================== Author: Dominic Wirth Date created: 2019-10-04 Date last change: 2019-12-21 Script-Version: 1.1 Tested with: SQL Server 2012 and above Description: This script shows important information regarding SQL Jobs and Job Schedules. Please feel free to change the translated values from English to your desired language. ==================================================================== */ WITH JobSchedules AS ( SELECT schedule_id, [name], [enabled] ,CASE freq_type WHEN 1 THEN 'One time only' WHEN 4 THEN 'Daily' WHEN 8 THEN 'Weekly' WHEN 16 THEN 'Monthly' WHEN 32 THEN 'Monthly' WHEN 64 THEN 'When SQL Server Agent starts' WHEN 128 THEN 'When computer is idle' END AS Frequency ,IIF(freq_type = 32 AND freq_relative_interval <> 0 ,CASE freq_relative_interval WHEN 1 THEN 'First ' WHEN 2 THEN 'Second ' WHEN 4 THEN 'Third ' WHEN 8 THEN 'Fourth ' WHEN 16 THEN 'Last ' END ,'') + CASE freq_type WHEN 1 THEN '' WHEN 4 THEN IIF(freq_interval = 1, 'Every day', 'Every ' + CAST(freq_interval AS VARCHAR(3)) + ' day(s)') WHEN 8 THEN IIF(freq_interval & 2 = 2, 'Mon ', '') + IIF(freq_interval & 4 = 4, 'Tue ', '') + IIF(freq_interval & 8 = 8, 'Wed ', '') + IIF(freq_interval & 16 = 16, 'Thu ', '') + IIF(freq_interval & 32 = 32, 'Fri ', '') + IIF(freq_interval & 64 = 64, 'Sat ', '') + IIF(freq_interval & 1 = 1, 'Sun ', '') WHEN 16 THEN 'On the ' + CAST(freq_interval AS VARCHAR(3)) + ' day of the month.' WHEN 32 THEN CASE freq_interval WHEN 1 THEN 'Sunday' WHEN 2 THEN 'Monday' WHEN 3 THEN 'Tuesday' WHEN 4 THEN 'Wednesday' WHEN 5 THEN 'Thursday' WHEN 6 THEN 'Friday' WHEN 7 THEN 'Saturday' WHEN 8 THEN 'Day' WHEN 9 THEN 'Weekday' WHEN 10 THEN 'Weekend day' END WHEN 64 THEN '' WHEN 128 THEN '' END AS DayInterval ,IIF(freq_subday_interval <> 0 ,CASE freq_subday_type WHEN 1 THEN 'At ' + STUFF(STUFF(RIGHT('00000' + CAST(active_start_time AS VARCHAR(6)), 6), 3,0,':'), 6,0,':') WHEN 2 THEN 'Repeat every ' + CAST(freq_subday_interval AS VARCHAR(3)) + ' seconds' WHEN 4 THEN 'Repeat every ' + CAST(freq_subday_interval AS VARCHAR(3)) + ' minutes' WHEN 8 THEN 'Repeat every ' + CAST(freq_subday_interval AS VARCHAR(3)) + ' hours' END ,'') AS DailyFrequency ,CASE WHEN freq_type = 8 THEN 'Repeat every ' + CAST(freq_recurrence_factor AS VARCHAR(3)) + ' week(s).' WHEN freq_type IN (16, 32) THEN 'Repeat every ' + CAST(freq_recurrence_factor AS VARCHAR(3)) + ' month(s).' ELSE '' END AS Recurrence ,STUFF(STUFF(RIGHT('00000' + CAST(active_start_time AS VARCHAR(6)), 6), 3,0,':'), 6,0,':') AS StartTime ,STUFF(STUFF(RIGHT('00000' + CAST(active_end_time AS VARCHAR(6)), 6), 3,0,':'), 6,0,':') AS EndTime FROM msdb.dbo.sysschedules ) SELECT J.[name] AS JobName, J.[enabled] AS JobIsEnabled, ISNULL(SP.[name], 'Unknown') AS JobOwner, ISNULL(JS.[enabled], 0) AS ScheduleIsEnabled ,ISNULL(JS.[Frequency], '') AS Frequency, ISNULL(JS.[DayInterval], '') AS DayInterval ,ISNULL(JS.[DailyFrequency], '') AS [DailyFrequency], ISNULL(JS.[Recurrence], '') AS [Recurrence] ,ISNULL(JS.[StartTime], '') AS [StartTime], ISNULL(JS.[EndTime], '') AS [EndTime] FROM msdb.dbo.sysjobs AS J LEFT JOIN sys.server_principals AS SP ON J.owner_sid = SP.[sid] LEFT JOIN msdb.dbo.sysjobschedules AS JJS ON J.job_id = JJS.job_id LEFT JOIN JobSchedules AS JS ON JJS.schedule_id = JS.schedule_id ORDER BY J.[name] ASC;
When you run the above query it will give you results similar to the following image where it displays the job, status, owner, as well as details about its frequency.
I find this script very helpful and decided to share it with all of you so you can all keep this handy and run it when necessary. Please do not forget to thank Dominic Wirth for his amazing contribution.
If you have any script which can help other users, please do not hesitate to share with me via sending an email to email@example.com. I will be happy to publish it on the blog with due credit to you.
I hope this blog post helps you to learn how to know the user of the job and change the owner of the job. Here are a few additional blog posts which are related to this blog post.
- SQL SERVER – T-SQL Script to Check SQL Server Job History
- How to List All the SQL Server Jobs When Agent is Disabled?
- SQL SERVER – SQL Agent Job and Backslash – Strange Behavior
- How to Schedule a Job in SQL Server?
- SQL SERVER – Displaying SQL Agent Jobs Running at a Specific Time
- SQL SERVER – Retrieve Information of SQL Server Agent Jobs
- How to Schedule a Job in SQL Server? – Interview Question of the Week #160
- SQL SERVER – Dude, Where is the SQL Agent Job History?
Reference: Pinal Dave (https://blog.sqlauthority.com)