Question: How to downgrade from SQL Server 2014 to SQL Server 2012?
Answer: Not possible.
Do not give up reading this blog post there is one workaround.
You can script your entire database with Data and then execute the script on your new database. Ofcousre if you use any particular feature of SQL Server 2014 which is not supported in SQL Server 2012 it will fail, but pretty much everything else will work just fine.
Here is a blog post which explains how one can generate all the necessary objects from SQL Server and script them.
SQL SERVER – 2008 – 2008 R2 – Create Script to Copy Database Schema and All The Objects – Data, Schema, Stored Procedure, Functions, Triggers, Tables, Views, Constraints and All Other Database Objects
A developer often creates interesting samples as well challenging objects in their database. The architects work on databases and hand it over to developers, later developer hand it over to DBA. In simple words, in many cases the database move from one place to another place. It is not always possible to back up and restore databases. There are possibilities when only part of the database (with schema and data) has to be moved.
Here is a video on the same subject over here: SQL SERVER – Generate Script for Schema and Data – SQL in Sixty Seconds #021 – Video
Reference: Pinal Dave (https://blog.sqlauthority.com)