Errors are the best way to learn how SQL Server works and as DBA’s we are bound to see many of them from time to time. One of the primary functions of a DBA would include creating backups and most importantly trying to automate the same using jobs and maintenance plans.
Here is a typical scenario which a DBAs can encounter. One fine day they notice that some backup jobs are failing for no reason. Normal troubleshooting always starts with an error message. Recently, one of my blog readers sent an email to me which was worth a look.
I am getting below error. What is the cause and solution?
Msg 3023, Level 16, State 2, Line 1 Backup, file manipulation operations (such as ALTER DATABASE ADD FILE) and encryption changes on a database must be serialized. Reissue the statement after the current backup or file manipulation operation is completed.
I pinged him on twitter and asked more details. He informed that they have a job which runs and fails with the error described above. I asked him to get more details about the job and post back. I also asked him to check details from my good friend Balmukund’s blog – query to find what is running at the same time when job runs. He didn’t come back to me – that means his issue might be resolved.
But that left me curious to find the possible causes of the error Msg 3023, Level 16, State 2. Reading the message again, it looks like two parallel backups would cause error. So I ran two parallel backup command for a database which was little big in size (100GB). As soon as two full backups started, I could see that only one backup was making progress (session id 57) and another (session id 58) was waiting for first one to finish.
Which means the error is not raised and backup is waiting. But as soon as I cancelled the query (session 58), I got below message.
Another possible reason of the error is that if we perform shrink operation in parallel to backup operation. (Shrink is NOT something which I recommend, but people would never listen)
Here is the text
Msg 3140, Level 16, State 5, Line 1 Could not adjust the space allocation for file 'SQLAuthority'. Msg 3023, Level 16, State 2, Line 1 Backup, file manipulation operations (such as ALTER DATABASE ADD FILE) and encryption changes on a database must be serialized. Reissue the statement after the current backup or file manipulation operation is completed.
Depending on who came first, here is the behavior. If a backup is started when either add or remove file operation is in progress, the backup will wait for a timeout period, then fail. If a backup is running and one of these operations is attempted, the operation fails immediately.
Solution: Find out the conflicting operation and retry your operation after stopping or finishing conflicting operation.
Learning using error messages is a great way to understand what happens inside SQL Server. Do let me know in the recent past, what have you learnt from error messages in your environments.
Reference: Pinal Dave (https://blog.sqlauthority.com)