SQL SERVER – Index Created on View not Used Often – Limitation of the View 12

I have previously written on the subject SQL SERVER – The Limitations of the Views – Eleven and more…. This was indeed a very popular series and I had received lots of feedback on that topic. Today we are going to discuss something very interesting as well. Let us learn about the issue of index created on view on used often.

During my recent performance tuning seminar in Hyderabad, I presented on the subject of Views. During the seminar, one of the attendees asked a question:

We create a table and create a View on the top of it. On the same view, if we create Index when querying View, will that index be used?

The answer is NOT Always!

Solarwinds

(There is only one specific condition when it will be used. We will write about that later in the next post).

Let us see the test case for the same. In our script we will do following:

USE tempdb
GO
IF EXISTS (SELECT * FROM sys.views WHERE OBJECT_ID = OBJECT_ID(N'[dbo].[SampleView]'))
DROP VIEW [dbo].[SampleView]
GO
IF EXISTS (SELECT * FROM sys.objects WHERE OBJECT_ID = OBJECT_ID(N'[dbo].[mySampleTable]') AND TYPE IN (N'U'))
DROP TABLE [dbo].[mySampleTable]
GO
-- Create SampleTable
CREATE TABLE mySampleTable (ID1 INT, ID2 INT, SomeData VARCHAR(100))
INSERT INTO mySampleTable (ID1,ID2,SomeData)
SELECT TOP 100000 ROW_NUMBER() OVER (ORDER BY o1.name),
ROW_NUMBER() OVER (ORDER BY o2.name),
o2.name
FROM sys.all_objects o1
CROSS JOIN sys.all_objects o2
GO
-- Create View
CREATE VIEW SampleView
WITH SCHEMABINDING
AS
SELECT ID1,ID2,SomeData
FROM dbo.mySampleTable
GO
-- Create Index on View
CREATE UNIQUE CLUSTERED INDEX [IX_ViewSample] ON [dbo].[SampleView]
(
ID2 ASC
)
GO
-- Select from view
SELECT ID1,ID2,SomeData
FROM SampleView
GO

Let us check the execution plan for the last SELECT statement.

SQL SERVER - Index Created on View not Used Often - Limitation of the View 12 limitview_12

You can see from the execution plan. That even though we are querying View and the View has an index, it is not really using that index.

In the next post, we will see the significance of this View and where it can be helpful.

Meanwhile, I encourage you to read my View series: SQL SERVER – The Limitations of the Views – Eleven and more….

Reference: Pinal Dave (https://blog.sqlauthority.com)

Solarwinds
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