Maximizing SQL Server Security: Instance Hiding vs SQL Browser Disable

Maximizing SQL Server Security: Instance Hiding vs SQL Browser Disable ihvsbd-800x460 In my previous post on instance hiding in SQL Server, I discussed how enabling the “Hide Instance” flag can restrict access to SQL Server instances. Let us learn more today in this blog about Maximizing SQL Server Security: Instance Hiding vs SQL Browser Disable.

Reader Question

In response to that post, a reader asked about the differences between instance hiding and simply disabling the SQL Browser service. This is an important question, as both methods can improve security by restricting access in different ways. Let’s explore the key pros and cons of each approach.

Pros and Cons of Instance Hiding

Instance hiding has the advantage of making the instance completely invisible to unauthorized users querying SQL Server. They cannot enumerate or discover hidden instances through any means. This provides very strong security.

The main downside is that connectivity is broken for applications that don’t have the correct port number specified. So instance hiding requires updating connection strings. Clustering and mirroring configurations may also need updated aliases.

Pros and Cons of Disabling SQL Browser

Disabling SQL Browser prevents name resolution of instances, so connections cannot specify just the instance name. However, unauthorized users can still find instances through port scans.

The main advantage over hiding is that disabling SQL Browser doesn’t break existing applications if they have the exact instance name and port. No connection string updates are needed.

However, this also means that disabling SQL Browser provides less security than hiding since instances can still be discovered through ports.

Summary – Maximizing SQL

In summary, instance hiding provides stronger security by completely masking instances from discovery. Disabling SQL Browser only prevents name resolution, but instances can still be found by port.

Hiding instances is more work upfront but stricter for security. Disabling Browser is easier to implement but does not hide the instance. As always, consider your specific security needs, infrastructure, and applications when deciding between these two methods.

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Reference: Pinal Dave (

SQL Browser, SQL Instance, SQL Server Security
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1 Comment. Leave new

  • K. Brian Kelley
    August 15, 2023 9:31 pm

    To be clear, both of these techniques hide SQL Server from normal SQL Server-based discovery methods. Neither work against port scanners or connection attempts targeting tcp/1433 or tcp/2433 nor against udp/1434.


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