Following are some important improvements in tempdb in SQL Server 2005 over SQL Server 2000
Input/Output traffic to TempDB is reduced as logging is improved. In SQL Server 2005 TempDB does not log “after value” everytime. E.g. For INSERT it does not log after value on log as that will be any way logged in the TempTable. Similar for DELETE as It does not have to log After value as it is not there. This is big improvement in performance in SQL Server 2005 for TempDB.
Some other improvement in File System of operating system. (I am not listing them as it does not apply to SQL concepts).
Improvement in UP latch contention. Each file in TempDB is filled up with proportion with the free spaces it reduces the latch contention in TempDB while many users are accessing TempDB.
Worktable caching is improved along with memory management and pre-allocation resources. SQL Sever 2005 caches all the temporary objects (table variables, local tables). If table is smaller than 8 MB it is cached in the TempDB system Catalog, so when it is created again it is there and reduces the work for TempDB. If it is bigger than 8 MB TempDB uses background differed drop. When large object(temporary table) is dropped in TempDB, background process drops it, so main process does not have to wait for this to execute and complete. This improves performance for the application time.
TempDB is used by following feature of SQL Server 2005:
Best Practices and Recommendations for TempDB in SQL Server.
Analyze the existing workload and adjust the space for projected concurrent activities in SQL TempDB.
SQL Server does not cache the temp table if it is created as part of dynamic SQL.
Perform index maintenance and update statistics on TempDB as well, even thought objects in TempDB are not permanent.
Set Auto Grow to ON for TempDB.
Instant file initialization improves the performance of auto grow operations in TempDB.
Create TempDB database on other disk drive than other database. This will improve performance for database as different disk controller will improve the performance for disk input/output.