[Notes from Pinal]: There are few things which confuse us when we encounter first time, however, there are few concepts which confuses us even though we face them multiple times. One of the such subjects is database taking a long time to create. Think about it, if you see a database which takes long time to create, your natural reaction will be how long various operations will take with the same database. I asked him if he can write further on this topic and help people understand this complex subject in simple words.
I recently came across a support question on a forum where the user was very concerned about the health of their environment because it was taking over 10 minutes to create a 150GB database. When I was reading the post from the user two things immediately came to mind. First was that they could be creating the data file on a slow IO subsystem and second that they probably do not have Instant File Initialization turned on.
When data and log files are created in SQL Server they are initialized to overwrite any existing data. This is done by filling the files with zeros. This is a process commonly referred to as zero’ing out the file.
In SQL Server there is a way to change a setting that allows for instant initialization of the data file. This process does have a security consideration that must be understood, however for most organizations it is not an issue. Basically by not writing over the free space with zeros it could potentially allow an unauthorized user to read any previous data written to the disk.
Instant file initialization is only available if the SQL Server (MSSQLSERVER) service account has been granted SE_MANAGE_VOLUME_NAME. Members of the Windows Administrator group have this right and can grant it to other users by adding them to the Perform Volume Maintenance Tasks security policy. For more information about assigning user rights, see the Windows documentation. (Reference)
In the case of the user on the forum, they were not using Instant File Initialization and decided to enable it. The user then created another database of the same size and it created in seconds versus the same operation before taking over 10 minutes.
I created a blog and video a couple of years ago walking through the process of enabling this feature. You can view it here.
If you want me to take a look at your server and its settings, or if your server is facing any issue we can Fix Your SQL Server.
Note: Tim has also written an excellent book on SQL Backup and Recovery, a must have for everyone.
Reference: Pinal Dave (https://blog.sqlauthority.com)