SQL SERVER – Fix : Error : 3117 : The log or differential backup cannot be restored because no files are ready to rollforward

I received the following email from one of my readers.

Dear Pinal,

I am new to SQL Server and our regular DBA is on vacation. Our production database had some problem and I have just restored full database backup to production server. When I try to apply log back I am getting following error. I am sure, this is valid log backup file. Screenshot is attached.

[Few other details regarding server/ip address removed]

Msg 3117, Level 16, State 1, Line 1
The log or differential backup cannot be restored because no files are ready to roll forward.
Msg 3013, Level 16, State 1, Line 1
RESTORE LOG is terminating abnormally.

Screenshot attached. [Removed as it contained live IP address]

Please help immediately.

Well I have answered this question in my earlier post, 2 years ago, over here SQL SERVER – Fix : Error : Msg 3117, Level 16, State 4 The log or differential backup cannot be restored because no files are ready to rollforward. However, I will try to explain it a little more this time.

For SQL Server database to be used it should in online state. There are multiple states of SQL Server Database.

  • ONLINE (Available – online for data)
  • EMERGENCY (Limited Availability)

If the database is online, it means it is active and in operational mode. It will not make sense to apply further log from backup if the operations have continued on this database. The common practice during the backup restore process is to specify the keyword RECOVERY when the database is restored. When RECOVERY keyword is specified, the SQL Server brings back the database online and will not accept any further log backups.

However, if you want to restore more than one backup files, i.e. after restoring the full back up if you want to apply further differential or log backup you cannot do that when database is online and already active. You need to have your database in the state where it can further accept the backup data and not the online data request. If the SQL Server is online and also accepts database backup file, then there can be data inconsistency. This is the reason that when there are more than one database backup files to be restored, one has to restore the database with NO RECOVERY keyword in the RESTORE operation.

SQL SERVER - Fix : Error : 3117 : The log or differential backup cannot be restored because no files are ready to rollforward recoverybackup

I suggest you all to read one more post written by me earlier. In this post, I explained the time line with image and graphic SQL SERVER – Backup Timeline and Understanding of Database Restore Process in Full Recovery Model.

Sample Code for reference:

FROM DISK = 'C:\AdventureWorksFull.bak'
FROM DISK = 'C:\AdventureWorksDiff.bak'

In this post, I am not trying to cover complete backup and recovery. I am just attempting to address one type of error and its resolution. Please test these scenarios on the development server. Playing with live database backup and recovery is always very crucial and needs to be properly planned. Leave a comment here if you need help with this subject.

Similar Post:
SQL SERVER – Restore Sequence and Understanding NORECOVERY and RECOVERY

Note: We will cover Standby Server maintenance and Recovery in another blog post and it is intentionally, not covered this post.

Reference : Pinal Dave (https://blog.sqlauthority.com)

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28 Comments. Leave new

  • Hello Pinal, The blogs are helpful in understanding and troubleshooting the issue. I have a scenario where there is one full backup and multiple differential backups which is ongoing. I can restore the full backup with NORECOVERY command to restore differential backups. Even the differential backups will have to be restored with NORECOVERY mode as there will be restoration of successive differential backups. The database won’t be online for users with this scenario. Can you please suggest any workaround for this. Thank you.


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