I have received calls from my DBA friend who read my article SQL SERVER – 2005 – Introduction to Partitioning. He suggested that I should write a simple tutorial about how to horizontal partition database table. Here is a simple tutorial which explains how a table can be partitioned. Please read my article Introduction to Partitioning before continuing with this article. Now let us continue to understand how to do Database Table Partitioning.
Step 1: Create New Test Database with two different filegroups
I have written a tutorial using my C: Drive, however, to take advantage of partition it is recommended that different file groups are created on separate hard disk to get maximum performance advantage of partitioning. Before running following script, make sure C: drive contains two folders – Primary and Secondary as following example has used those two folders to store different filegroups.
USE Master; GO --- Step 1 : Create New Test Database with two different filegroups. IF EXISTS ( SELECT name FROM sys.databases WHERE name = N'TestDB') DROP DATABASE TestDB; GO CREATE DATABASE TestDB ON PRIMARY (NAME='TestDB_Part1', FILENAME= 'C:\Data\Primary\TestDB_Part1.mdf', SIZE=2, MAXSIZE=100, FILEGROWTH=1), FILEGROUP TestDB_Part2 (NAME = 'TestDB_Part2', FILENAME = 'C:\Data\Secondary\TestDB_Part2.ndf', SIZE = 2, MAXSIZE=100, FILEGROWTH=1); GO
Step 2: Create Partition Range Function
Partition Function defines the range of values to be stored on different partitions. For our example, let us assume that first 10 records are stored in one filegroup and the rest are stored in different filegroup. The following function will create partition function with range specified.
USE TestDB; GO --- Step 2 : Create Partition Range Function CREATE PARTITION FUNCTION TestDB_PartitionRange (INT) AS RANGE LEFT FOR VALUES (10); GO
Step 3 : Attach Partition Scheme to FileGroups
Partition function has to be attached with filegroups to be used in table partitioning. In following example partition is created on primary and secondary filegroup.
USE TestDB; GO --- Step 3 : Attach Partition Scheme to FileGroups CREATE PARTITION SCHEME TestDB_PartitionScheme AS PARTITION TestDB_PartitionRange TO ([PRIMARY], TestDB_Part2); GO
Step 4 : Create Table with Partition Key and Partition Scheme
The table which is to be partitioned has to be created specifying the column name to be used with a partition scheme to partition tables in different filegroups. Following example demonstrates ID column as the Partition Key.
USE TestDB; GO --- Step 4 : Create Table with Partition Key and Partition Scheme CREATE TABLE TestTable (ID INT NOT NULL, Date DATETIME) ON TestDB_PartitionScheme (ID); GO
Step 5: (Optional/Recommended) Create Index on Partitioned Tables
This step is optional but highly recommended. Following example demonstrates the creation of the table aligned index. Here index is created using same Partition Scheme and Partition Key as Partitioned Table.
USE TestDB; GO --- Step 5 : (Optional/Recommended) Create Index on Partitioned Table CREATE UNIQUE CLUSTERED INDEX IX_TestTable ON TestTable(ID) ON TestDB_PartitionScheme (ID); GO
Step 6: Insert Data in Partitioned Table
Insert data in the partition table. Here we are inserting total of 3 records. We have decided that in the table partition 1 Partition Key ID will contain records from 1 to 10 and partition 2 will contain reset of the records. In following example record with ID equals to 1 will be inserted in partition 1 and the rest will be inserted in partition 2.
USE TestDB; GO --- Step 6 : Insert Data in Partitioned Table INSERT INTO TestTable (ID, Date) -- Inserted in Partition 1 VALUES (1,GETDATE()); INSERT INTO TestTable (ID, Date) -- Inserted in Partition 2 VALUES (11,GETDATE()); INSERT INTO TestTable (ID, Date) -- Inserted in Partition 2 VALUES (12,GETDATE()); GO
Step 7: Test Data from TestTable
Query TestTable and see the values inserted in TestTable.
USE TestDB; GO --- Step 7: Test Data from TestTable SELECT * FROM TestTable; GO
Step 8: Verify Rows Inserted in Partitions
We can query sys.partitions view and verify that TestTable contains two partitions and as per Step 6 one record is inserted in partition 1 and two records are inserted in partition 2.
USE TestDB; GO --- Step 8 : Verify Rows Inserted in Partitions SELECT * FROM sys.partitions WHERE OBJECT_NAME(OBJECT_ID)='TestTable'; GO
Partitioning table is very simple and very efficient when used with different filegroups in different tables. I will write very soon more articles about Table Partitioning. If you need any help in table partitioning or have any doubt, please contact me and I will do my best to help you.
Reference : Pinal Dave (https://blog.sqlauthority.com)