You can download the poster from Itzik Ben-Gan’s T-SQL Querying page over here.
Of late, I penned down an article – SQL SERVER – Interesting Observation of ON Clause on LEFT JOIN – How ON Clause Effects Resultset in LEFT JOIN – which received a very intriguing comment from one of my regular blog readers Craig. According to him this phenomenon happens due to Logical Query Processing. His comment instigated a question in my mind. I have put forth this question to all my readers at the end of the article. Let me first give you an introduction to Logical Query Processing Phase.
What actually sets SQL Server apart from other programming languages is the way SQL Server processes its code. Generally, most programming languages process statement from top to bottom. By contrast, SQL Server processes them in a unique order which is known as Logical Query Processing Phase. These phases generate a series of virtual tables with each virtual table feeding into the next phase (virtual tables not viewable). These phases and their orders are given as follows:
5. GROUP BY
6. CUBE | ROLLUP
10 ORDER BY
As OUTER join is applied subsequent to ON clause, all rows eliminated by the ON clause will still be included by the OUTER join as described in the article SQL SERVER – Interesting Observation of ON Clause on LEFT JOIN – How ON Clause Effects Resultset in LEFT JOIN.
However, I am perplexed about the last two, ORDER BY and TOP. According to some people TOP comes first in logical query processing phase while others suggest that ORDER BY comes first. Now, here I’ve laid down my questions for you all to think about:
1) What is the correct answer for order query processing phase – ORDER BY or TOP?
2) How can we create an example to verify query processing phase for ORDER BY and TOP?
I will soon publish the answers I receive to the above questions on this blog, with due credit given to my readers.
Reference : Pinal Dave (http://blog.SQLAuthority.com)